During a normal and healthy pregnancy, Pilates is a safe form of exercise for the body, mind and spirit!
Pilates is best experiences with an instructor, but this is not always possible, so if group classes are the only option, it is important to find a class where the instructor can change, modify exercises accordingly depending on the stage of pregnancy. In general Pilates classes, many exercises are no longer appropriate (e.g lying prone/on belly, abdominal curls)
Review the general precautions when exercising, if any of the following warning signs are observed – stop exercising immediately!
Also any other chronic medical conditions need to be taken into consideration and checked with a medical practitioner to see whether it is appropriate.
Note: it is recommended to increase your caloric intake by 300kcal per day to cope with foetal growth.
In the first trimester, it is still early stages but remember the body has already started to change internally. In general encouraging it is encouraged to not overdo it when exercising. It is best to avoid strenuous exercise. If you suffer from morning sickness, fatigue etc it is important your energy levels are up before exercising. Eat well before exercising.
In the seconds trimester the body is now beginning to change shape. Stop performing exercises lying supine for more than 5 minutes at all times because there is possibility of obstructing the reach of oxygen supply to baby. Do not lie on your stomach to perform exercises or with the pelvis above the height of the head for prolonged periods. Supine abdominal curls, extreme stretches, ballistic and unstable balance exercises are not recommended. If posterior pelvis pain is felt, avoid extremes of hip and spinal movement and asymmetrical loading to the pelvis e.g single leg work. Be aware your center of gravity of the body is changing and that you may suffer from back and neck tension.
This is where there is further weight gain and therefore more load on the back, legs, pelvis and vascular system. There may be more fluid retention in the ankles and there is increased load on the bladder, perineum and pelvic floor. You may feel breathless at times and experience cramp and heart burn. It is important to have the same exercise guideline for the second trimester but be aware the body will get in and out of exercises much slower. Rest when you need too!
The Pelvic Floor Muscles
The pelvic floor muscles are divided into superficial and deep muscles and provide inferior support to the contents of the pelvis as well as being in control of urinal and faecal excretions. They are integral to helping to increase intra-abdominal pressure and have a role in sexual arousal and performance.
Training the Pelvic Floor Muscles
It is necessary to train the pelvic floor from early stages of pregnancy to be ready for childbirth.
Ways to train the pelvic floor muscles:
Exercise should start at and achievable level then progress gradually